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Optimal place to store food in the refrigerator, freezer, refrigerator - freezer

To locate the optimal place in the refrigerator, freezer, refrigerator - freezer to store food, refer to the suggestions below for step by step instructions.

Measuring temperature:

Refrigerators:

You can measure local temperature by putting a glass of water in the refrigerator with a thermometer in it, in the middle of the central shelf, and taking a temperature reading after eight to ten hours.

  • If the temperature is not right, adjust the thermostat until you reach the desired temperature. 
  • It is the core temperature in food items which is important, rather than the air temperature in the refrigerator, as this latter temperature will fluctuate during each refrigeration cycle (between the refrigeration compressor starting and stopping).

Note: Inexpensive thermometers can give fluctuations of +/- 1-2°C (or possibly more).

Freezers:

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In freezers, the temperature is measured using a glass of cooking oil. 

  • It is normal for the temperature in the freezer of combined fridge freezers to fluctuate between -18°C and -27°C as the temperature varies with the appliance's operation cycle. 
  • The temperature can also fluctuate greatly if a large amount of food has been stored at once.
  • When you set the freezer to -18°C, the warmest place in the freezer will be a temperature of at least -18°C (right outside next to the door).
  • The temperature will be lower further in.
Examples of foods and the best places to store them inside the appliance:

Please Note: Cucumbers, for example, have a longer shelf-life if they are kept at a temperature of between +8 and +12°C and tomatoes at +12-+16°C (outside the refrigerator). If cucumbers and tomatoes are placed on a cold shelf, their shelf-life will be shortened dramatically and it will look as if they have been affected by frost. It is a good idea to wrap cucumber in tin foil to avoid this happening. The normal temperature in vegetable drawers is between +1 and +6°C.

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Important: Most fruit and vegetables should be stored at a low temperature and high humidity.

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Problem:

  • Low temperature = Low humidity.

Solution:

  • Fruit and vegetables must be stored in airtight packaging.
List of fruit/vegetables and the best storage temperature:
  Fruit/vegetables

Storage temperature

    0–4°C 4–8°C 8–12°C

12–16°C

(outside fridge)

A Almonds x      
  Apples x      
  Apricots x      
  Aromatic herbs, cut x      
  Artichokes x      
  Asparagus x      
  Aubergine     x  
  Avocado     x  
B Baby corn x      
  Bananas       x
  Beans   x    
  Beetroot x      
  Bitter orange     x  
  Black salsify x      
  Blackberries x      
  Blackcurrants x      
  Blueberries x      
  Brazil nuts x      
  Broccoli x      
  Brussels sprouts x      
C Cactus figs   x    
  Cape gooseberries       x
  Carombola   x    
  Carrots x      
  Cashew nuts     x  
  Cauliflower x      
  Celeriac x      
  Celery x      
  Chanterelles x      
  Chard x      
  Cherries x      
  Chestnuts x      
  Chicory x      
  Chilli peppers     x  
  Chinese artichoke x      
  Chinese cabbage x      
  Chives x      
  Clementines x      
  Coconuts x      
  Corn x      
C Courgettes     x  
  Cranberries x      
  Cucumber     x  
D Daikons x      
  Dates x      
E Elderberries x      
F Fennel x      
  Figs x      
G Garlic x      
  Gherkins       x
  Gherkins       x
  Ginger     x  
  Gooseberries x      
  Grapefruit     x  
  Grapes x      
H Hazelnuts x      
  Horseradish x      
J Japanese persimmon x      
  Jerusalem artichokes x      
K Kale x      
  Kiwi fruit        
  Kumquats     x  
L Lamb’s lettuce x      
  Leek x      
  Lemon       x
  Lemongrass x      
  Lettuces, various types x      
  Lime     x  
  Lingonberries x      
M Mange-tout x      
  Mango       x
  Melons   x    
  Mushrooms x      
O Olives     x  
  Onions x      
  Oranges x      
P Pak choi x      
  Papaya     x  
  Parsley root x      
  Parsley, cut x      
  Parsnip x      
  Passion fruit     x  
  Peaches x      
  Peanuts x      
  Pears x      
  Peas x      
  Pecans x      
  Peppers     x  
  Pineapple     x  
  Pistachio nuts x      
  Plums x      
  Pointed cabbage x      
  Pomegranate x      
  Potatoes   x    
R Radishes x      
  Radishes x      
  Raspberries x      
  Red cabbage x      
  Redcurrants x      
  Rhubarb x      
S Savoy cabbage x      
  Spinach x      
  Spring onions x      
  Sprouts x      
  Squashes     x  
  Strawberries x      
  Swedes x      
  Sweet potato       x
T Tomatoes       x
  Tree mushrooms x      
  Turmeric     x  
  Turnips x      
W Walnuts x      
  Water chestnut   x    
  White cabbage x      
Y Yams       x